K178 + 530 section landslide of Bei’an – Heihe Highway

K178 + 530 section landslide of Bei’an – Heihe Highway

LCI : Wei SHAN
Main Information
Landslide Name : K178 + 530 section landslide of Bei’an – Heihe Highway
Latitude : 49:39:23 N
Longitude : 127:21:57 E
Location
City / District : Sunwu
Province : Heilongjiang
Country : China
Reporter
Reporter 1 : Wei Shan
Reporter 2 :
Landslide Type
Material : Earth
Movement : Slide, Flow
Velocity (mm/sec) : Extremely Slow
Depth (m) : Shallow
Slope (degree) : Very gentle
Volume (m³) : Moderate-Small
Date of Occurence
Date of Occurence : Dec 06, 2003
Other Information
Land Use Source area : Wildland, Road
Run-out/deposition area : Forest, Wildland
Other Activity : Currently active
Triggering Factor : Others
Death(s) & Missing : -
Houses and other structural damage : road bed
Photo of landslide : 1.jpg
Google earth kmz file : Fig 5.jpg
Plan of landslide : Fig 9.jpg
Cross section of landslide : Fig 10.jpg
Reference (paper/report) : http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/feart.2015.00007/full
Testing graph : Fig.12.jpg
Monitoring graph : Fig.13.jpg
Video of moving landslides including 3D simulation : -
Description :

Climate warming leads to permafrost degradation and permafrost melting phase transition, resulting in an increasing number of landslides. This study uses the road segments and road area at the intersection between Bei’an-Heihe Highway and the northwest section of the Lesser Khingan Range in north China as the study area. By means of geological survey combined with meteorological data, we analyzed the impact of climate change on landslide movement in the permafrost zone. Over a 60 year period, the average annual temperature of the study area has increased by 3.2 ◦ C, and permafrost degradation is severe. Loose soil on the hillside surface provides appropriate conditions for the infiltration of atmospheric precipitation and snowmelt, and seepage from thawing permafrost. As it infiltrates downwards, water is blocked by the underlying permafrost or dense soil, and infiltrates along this barrier layer toward lower positions, forming a potential sliding zone. The representative Landslide in the study area was examined in detail. Displacement monitoring points were set up on the surface of the landslide mass, and at the trailing edge of the landslide mass. The data collected were used to investigate the relationship between landslide movement and pore water pressure at the tailing edge as well as the ground temperature. The results show that the landslide movement process changes with the season, showing a notable annual cyclical characteristic and seasonal activity. Landslide movement is characterized by low angles and intermittence. The time of slide occurrence and the slip rate show a corresponding relationship with the pore water pressure at the tailing edge of the landslide mass. The seepage of water from thawing into the landslide mass will influence the pore water pressure at the tailing edge of the landslide mass, and is the main cause of landslide movement.