Nikawa landslide

Nikawa landslide

LCI : JPN1607131731
Main Information
Landslide Name : Nikawa landslide
Latitude : 34:46:25 N
Longitude : 135:20:23 E
Location
City / District : Nishinomiya
Province : Hyogo
Country : Japan
Reporter
Reporter 1 : Khang Dang
Reporter 2 : Kyoji Sassa
Landslide Type
Material : Earth
Movement : Slide
Velocity (mm/sec) : Rapid
Depth (m) : Deep-Moderate
Slope (degree) : Moderate
Volume (m³) : Large-Moderate
Date of Occurence
Date of Occurence : Jan 17, 1995
Other Information
Land Use Source area : Forest
Run-out/deposition area : Urban area
Other Activity : Active in the past
Triggering Factor : Earthquake
Death(s) & Missing : 34
Houses and other structural damage : -
Photo of landslide : Overview of Nikawa Landslide.png
Google earth kmz file : Nikawa landslide.kmz
Plan of landslide : Plan of the Nikawa landslide.png
Cross section of landslide : Cross section of Nikawa slope.png
Reference (paper/report) : https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/sandf1995/40/1/40_1_35/_article
Testing graph : Testing Graphs-Nikawa.docx
Monitoring graph : Seismic Record.JPG
Video of moving landslides including 3D simulation : -
Description :

The Nikawa landslide (34 fatalities) was triggered by the 1995 Hyogoken-Nambu earthquake in Nishinomiya city between Osaka and Kobe. Drilling investigations (including boreholes drilled immediately after the earthquake and new ones drilled during this investigation) revealed that the bedrock is granite, which is overlain by Quaternary marine and lacustrine deposits (the Osaka group formation). The Osaka group formation consists of a silty gravel layer, a sandy layer interbedded with some clayey layers above it, overlain by fills. Note that the matrix of the silty gravel layer is mainly composed of fine sand and silt characterized by a very low permeability. The overall permeability of the silty gravel layer obtained through in-situ tests is about 10-7 m/s, while that of the sandy layer above it is 10-6 m/s. During an earthquake, a potential sliding surface is inferred to develop through the interface be-tween the sandy layer and the silty gravel layer where its shape, scale and inclination is very similar to the rupture surface of the Nikawa landslide. The maximum depth of the potential sliding surface is 26 m, and it has an average angle of about 20 degrees. The groundwater level in the section where the slip surface is 26 m deep is 16 m above the slip surface. Source: Sassa, K., Wang, G., Fukuoka, H. et al. Landslide risk evaluation and hazard zoning for rapid and long-travel landslides in urban development areas. Landslides (2004) 1: 221. doi:10.1007/s10346-004-0028-y